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內容簡介

  "The League of Youth" (1869) was Ibsen's first venture into realistic social drama and marks a turning-point in his style. By 1879, Ibsen was convinced that women suffer an inevitable violation of their personalities within the context of marriage.

  In "A Doll's House", he portrayed the wife struggling to break free: this was unheard of at the time and Ibsen's play caused a sensation. Continuing the theme of tensions within the family in "The Lady from the Sea", Ibsen put forward the view that freedom with responsibility might at least be a step in the right direction.

作者簡介

易卜生 (Henrik Ibsen, 1828-1906),挪威詩人及劇作家,擅長以逼真的手法呈現當代的問題,使中產階級寫實主義成為現代劇場美學的標竿。早期作品充滿浪漫主義色彩,《愛情喜劇》及《勃朗德》這兩部詩劇可以看到浪漫題材如何展現現實的關懷。散文劇在《青年同盟》初試啼聲之後,從《社會棟樑》到《全民公敵》全面批判中產階級虛偽與自私自利的心態。

開創寫實戲劇的路線,卻又突破寫實主義的框限,從《野鴨》到《海妲‧蓋柏樂》可以看到他如何積極開發象徵主義的戲劇潛能。晚期的作品轉而探討潛意識的衝動,從《營造師傅》到《復甦》無異於宣告佛洛伊德心理劇的誕生。

易卜生的劇作是現代戲劇的羅馬,現代戲劇所有的道路都是以他為起點或終點,故被冠以「現代戲劇之父」的稱號。

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